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- Latin Name: Trifolium Repens
- Season: Perennial
- USDA Zones: 3 - 10
- Environment: Full sun to partial shade
- Height: 8 inches
- Bloom Color: White
White Dutch Clover (Trifolium Repens) - White Dutch Clover designates a strain of white clover which is perennial. Used in lawns, as a ground cover, cover crop, for erosion control, and in pasture mixtures. Usually matures around 8 inches tall. White Dutch clover and our Miniclover® are the most popular clover seeds used for lawns. Miniclover® is more dwarf only reaching approximately 4 inches tall, has a much smaller leaf blade, and is not as aggressive as white Dutch making it the better lawn clover choice.
Inoculated Seed - We now offer white Dutch clover seed that has been coated with an inoculant for better establishment. NITRO-COAT® rhizobium strains are specifically chosen for each seed type. A key to any successful establishment and early seed development is moisture. NITRO-COAT® is naturally water absorbent and helps attract soil moisture to the seed, getting your stand established quickly. This coating process which antipuzo utilizes, assures that only the top-performing and crop-specific rhizobia will be applied to ensure your clovers reach maximum nodulation, stand establishment, and yield potential. The weight of the clover seeds will contain approximately 34% coating material that contains the inoculant and water holding material for better establishment and viability of the seed. There is no difference in the seeding rates between the coated and raw seed due to the increased germination and viability of the bulk clover seeds that are coated and inoculated.
Many homeowners include White Dutch clover in their lawn seed mixture because clover sprouts fast and grows so dependably that it's a valuable aid in getting a new lawn started. White dutch clover is the most popular clover seed for lawn alteratives, due to the fact it is cheaper than Miniclover®. If you are looking for bulk clover to mix in with an existing lawn, our Miniclover® seeds works better as it blends in much better and will not take grass over. White clovers are good for lawns since nodules on the roots fix nitrogen from the air. Actually, up to 1/3 the nitrogen your lawn needs can be obtained from white dutch clover! Grows vigorously even in poor clay subsoil around new home construction. If you want all the benefits of a cover crop but don't want to till early or mow, clover is your best bet.
Getting a good stand of white dutch clover seeds is a first and critical step to success with this high quality, persistent crop. Since white clover is usually grown with a cool season perennial grass (may be planted alone too), it is usually either seeded at the same time as the grass or seeded into an existing grass stand. Regardless of when it is seeded, certain principles and practices are important for success. These will be discussed below; however, readers should refer to state and local sources for specific recommendations for their area.
The most important investment in a fertility program is a soil test, which will indicate soil needs with regard to pH, phosphorus, and potassium. White dutch clover yields better and stands last longer when grown on soils with a medium level of phosphorus and potassium. A pH of 6.0 - 6.5 is usually recommended for excellent yields and stand persistence. In some states, minor elements may also be recommended.
Fertilization with nitrogen is not recommended when seeding white clover seeds into grass. Nitrogen will stimulate the grass, thus providing more competition for the white clover seedlings during establishment. This becomes even more of a problem when seeding white clover into established grass pastures. Increased grass competition from added nitrogen can result in death of white clover seedlings. In most states, application of nitrogen to established clover/grass mixtures is not recommended if white clover occupies 20% or more of the ground cover.
Seeding rates vary with geographic location, seeding method, and seeding mixture. In general, rates 1/4 - 1/2 lb per 1000 square feet or 8 to 10 lbs per acre are recommended.
The ideal seeding depth for clover seeds is approximately 1/4-inch maximum, but under favorable weather and soil conditions, clover seed present on the soil surface may germinate and become established. Good seed-soil contact is important to ensure rapid germination and emergence.
In the Southern USA, white clover is seeded in late winter or early spring and in late summer. In the Northern USA, most white dutch clover is seeded in early spring or late summer.
White dutch clover can be seeded by many no-till or minimum till techniques and by broadcast seeding. In conventional seedbeds, white clover is almost always seeded with a perennial grass for lawns or hard or sheeps fescue for erosion control. Just scatter the seeds, rake lightly, and keep the clover seeds moist until it sprouts! After sprouting occurs, cut back watering as root development starts taking place and less water is needed. Withstands mild drought, grows well all over the U.S., even on barren soil where nothing else wants to grow. Winter hardy and it stays so low you can just till it under in spring if you are using it for a cover crop.
The best weed control is provided by a vigorous white clover-grass stand. If necessary, white clover-grass stands can be mowed to remove grass leaves and seedheads and to suppress broadleaf weeds and woody vegetation.